Topics Discussed: ascorbic acid deficiency; avitaminosis; biotin deficiency disease; body mass index procedure; calcium deficiency; chromium deficiency; cobalt deficiency disease; cobalt poisoning; fluoride poisoning; folic acid deficiency; growth; Growth and Development; hypercupremia; hyperkalemia; hypermagnesemia; hyperphosphatemia; hypervitaminosis; hypocupremia; hypomagnesemia; hypophosphatemia; iodine deficiency; iron deficiency; iron overload; length/height percentile for age; malnutrition; malnutrition, child; manganese deficiency; manganese poisoning; mineral deficiency; mineral excess; molybdenum deficiency; nutrition and nutritional deficiencies; nutrition assessment; pellagra; potassium deficiency; riboflavin deficiency; selenium deficiency; thiamine deficiency; vitamin a deficiency; vitamin b 12 deficiency; vitamin b 6 deficiency; vitamin d deficiency; vitamin e deficiency; vitamin k deficiency; weight percentile for age; zinc deficiency; zinc excess.
- Body mass index (BMI) is calculated as follows:
- BMI = (Weight in kg)/(Height in m)2
- BMI is an effective screening tool, not a diagnostic one.
- For children, BMI is age and gender specific.
- Children who are at the 85th to 95th percentiles are considered overweight.
- Children who are at or above the 95th percentile are considered obese.
- Children who are below the 5th percentile are considered underweight.
- BMI charts: www.cdc.gov/growthcharts or www.accesspediatrics.com
- These criteria are appropriate for children ages 1 to 3 years.
- Changes in weight may be an indicator of acute malnutrition.
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