Section 29. Disorders of the Nervous System >
Part 1. Principles of Neurology >
Chapter 547. Clinical Approach to Neurologic Disease
Common Signs and Symptoms of Neurologic DiseaseMaitreyi Mazumdar
Topics Discussed: abnormal ocular motility; asthenia; ataxia; blindness; child development; chorea; congenital nystagmus; developmental delay; developmental regression; disturbance of consciousness; dyskinesia; dystonia; headache; infant milestone; myoclonus; neuroimaging; neurologic disease; neurology; ophthalmoplegia; opsoclonus-myoclonus syndrome; pathologic nystagmus; pediatric neurology; pupil light reflex; scotoma; seizures; stereotypic movement disorder; tic disorder; tremor; vision; visual field defects; visual fields.
Excerpt:"The goal of the following sections is to use the clinical method
described above to frame the evaluation of common neurologic problems.
In some of the examples, we focus mostly on history; in others,
we focus on using the neurologic examination to guide localization;
in others, we expand upon a differential diagnosis. We intend that
these examples provide a starting point for the clinician. For a
more comprehensive review, we reference the later chapters in this
book that discuss these issues.A systematic approach is necessary when evaluating a weak child, and
the first question is whether the weakness is in fact due to a problem
involving the nervous system. Many processes outside of the nervous
system, such as febrile illness, chronic infections, electrolyte
imbalances, and endocrinopathies are associated with weakness. These
disorders most often lead to generalized symptoms and a lack of
objective findings on neurologic examination...."
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