Topics Discussed: ankle injuries; foot injuries; leg; leg injuries.
Sections: Acute Strains of Gastrocnemius, Achilles Tendon Rupture, Subluxation or Dislocation of the Peroneal Tendons, Fractures of the Shaft of the Tibia and Fibula, Anatomy of the Ankle Joint Complex, Acute Ankle Sprains, Fractures of the Distal Tibial and Fibular Physes, Osteochondritis Dissecans of the Talus, Turf Toe, Lis Franc Injuries, Metatarsal Fractures, Sesamoid Fractures, References.
Excerpt:"Tibia and fibula are connected by proximal and distal tibiofibular articulations and by an interosseous membrane between the bones through the entire length. The relevant anatomy of the leg is depicted in Figures 28-1, 28-2, 28-3, and 28-4. One head of gastrocnemius muscle arises from the medial and the other from the lateral condyle of the femur. Distally gastrocnemius inserts into the tendon of the Achilles. Achilles tendon is a common tendon formed by the gastrocnemius and soleus muscles which inserts into the posterior calcaneus. Peroneus longus arises from the lateral surface of the fibula and is inserted into the base of the first metatarsal and medial cuneiform. The peroneus brevis originates from the lower two-thirds of the lateral surface of the fibula and is inserted into the base of the fifth metatarsal...."
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