Topics Discussed: dietary supplements; nutrition and nutritional deficiencies; performance-enhancing drugs.
Sections: Definitions, Epidemiology, Specific Drugs and Supplements, References.
Excerpt:"Western history first records myriad medical treatments in 1550 BC in the Ebers Papyrus, which is a 110-page scroll containing 700 formulas and remedies (animal, vegetable, and mineral) used by ancient Egyptian healers.1,2 Historical records from ancient China and India also reveal extensive herbal and plant-based pharmacopoeias.3 The attempt by athletes to improve their sports performance by taking various remedies and drugs has been observed for thousands of years. For example, athletes taking part in the ancient Greek and Roman games consumed various mixtures of mushrooms, figs, and opioids that contained stimulants such as strychnine, and other substances in attempts to seek victory over opponents in sports competition.4,5..."
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