Topics Discussed: mycobacterium tuberculosis; pulmonology and respiratory medicine; tuberculosis.
Sections: Pathogenesis, Clinical Presentation, Diagnosis, Treatment, Conclusion, References.
Excerpt:"Tuberculosis (TB) is an ancient disease; suggestive spinal changes have been described in Neolithic man, and clear evidence of TB bone lesions have been found in mummified remains from Egypt.1 Hippocrates (460377 BC) introduced the ancient Greek term for TB, phthisis, better known as consumption.1 Although TB is an ancient disease, it remains one of the major public health challenges of the new millennium. Fuelled mainly by rampant third world poverty and the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) epidemic, TB affects and kills more people today than ever before. The gravity of the situation is reflected by (1) the fact that the epidemic continues to escalate despite the declaration of a global TB emergency by the World Health Organization (WHO) in 1993 and (2) the increased transmission of drug-resistant TB...."
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