Section 7. Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics >
Part 3. Major Psychopathologic Disorders >
Chapter 95. Childhood SchizophreniaFred R. Volkmar
Topics Discussed: child psychosis; delusions; disorder of form of thought; hallucinations; psychotic disorders; schizophrenia; schizophrenia, childhood.
Sections: Epidemiology and Associated Disorders, Pathophysiology and Genetics, Clinical Features and Differential Diagnosis, Diagnostic Evaluation, Treatment, Complications, Prognosis, References.
Excerpt:"Schizophrenia in children is defined in the same way as for adolescents
and adults, based on characteristic psychotic symptoms (ie, hallucinations,
delusions, and symptoms of thought disorder) accompanied by deficits
in adaptive functioning for at least 6 months.1 Historically,
the term was used broadly and included children who had what we
now know to be autism; schizophrenia and autism are now seen as
being quite different.2 The concept of childhood
psychosis is problematic, considering the marked developmental changes
in children's understanding of reality (see Table
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