Topics Discussed: neonatology; neurology; pediatric neurology.
Sections: Neurological Examination, Hypoxic Ischemic Encephalopathy, Intraventricular Hemorrhage, Seizures, References.
Excerpt:"The neonatal intensive care unit and newborn nursery are often chaotic and noisy environments with a whirlwind of activity and a unique language of acronyms. The goal of this chapter is to provide a systematic, concise, and clinically usable approach to guide the bedside practitioner through this sea of chaos by first reviewing the normal neurological examination of the neonate with an emphasis on normal findings at different gestational ages and possible etiologies of abnormal findings. It will then cover in more detail several neurological abnormalities that are found in the neonatal period, including hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE), intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH), and seizures in the newborn. Although there is overlap among these abnormalities, each will be covered individually, with a brief emphasis on the incidence, pathophysiology, pertinent clinical findings, the differential diagnosis, and a brief overview of clinical management...."
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