Topics Discussed: cerebral palsy; musculoskeletal system.
Sections: Pathogenesis, Clinical Presentation, Diagnosis, Differential Diagnosis, Treatment, Surgical Interventions, Closing Comment, References.
Excerpt:"Cerebral palsy (CP) is a general term used for a group of nonprogressive disorders of movement and posture caused by abnormal development of, or damage to, parts of the brain that control muscle movements.1 The term does not imply severity, cause, treatment, or prognosis. The overall prevalence of the condition ranges from 1.9 to 2.6 of every 1000 live-born children in the Western world.2 The rate of CP is much higher in preterm versus term infants and increases with decreasing birth weight and gestational age. It increases at the extremes of birth weight across gestational ages.3 CP is newly diagnosed in approximately 6000 infants and young children every year in the United States. This overall amount has not changed in the last 20 to 30 years, although recent studies suggest that there may be a decreasing trend.2,4,5..."
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