|CURRENT Diagnosis & Treatment: Pediatrics|
Chapter 1. The Newborn InfantElizabeth H. Thilo, MD, Adam A. Rosenberg, MD
Sections: The Neonatal History, Assessment of Growth & Gestational Age, Examination at Birth, Examination in the Nursery, Care of the Well Neonate, Feeding the Well Neonate, Early Discharge of the Newborn Infant, Circumcision, Hearing Screening, Common Problems in the Term Newborn, Neonatal Jaundice, Hypoglycemia, Respiratory Distress in the Term Newborn Infant, Heart Murmurs, Birth Trauma, Infants of Mothers Who Abuse Drugs, Multiple Births, Neonatal Intensive Care, Perinatal Resuscitation, The Preterm Infant, The Late Preterm Infant, Cardiac Problems in the Newborn Infant, Structural Heart Disease, Persistent Pulmonary Hypertension, Arrhythmias, Gastrointestinal & Abdominal Surgical Conditions in the Newborn Infant, Esophageal Atresia & Tracheoesophageal Fistula, Intestinal Obstruction, Abdominal Wall Defects, Diaphragmatic Hernia, Gastrointestinal Bleeding, Gastroesophageal Reflux, Infections in the Newborn Infant, Bacterial Infections, Fungal Sepsis, Congenital (Intrauterine) Infections, Perinatally Acquired Infections, Hematologic Disorders in the Newborn Infant, Bleeding Disorders, Anemia, Polycythemia, Renal Disorders in the Newborn Infant, Renal Failure, Urinary Tract Anomalies, Renal Vein Thrombosis, Neurologic Problems in the Newborn Infant, Seizures, Hypotonia, Intracranial Hemorrhage1, Metabolic Disorders in the Newborn Infant2, Hyperglycemia, Hypocalcemia, Inborn Errors of Metabolism.
Excerpt:"The newborn period is defined as the first 28 days of life. In practice, however, sick or very immature infants may require neonatal care for many months. There are three levels of newborn care. Level 1 refers to basic care of well newborns, neonatal resuscitation, and stabilization prior to transport. Level 2 refers to specialty neonatal care of premature infants greater than 1500 g or more than 32 weeks' gestation. Level 3 is subspecialty care of higher complexity ranging from 3A to 3D based on newborn size and gestational age, availability of general surgery, cardiac surgery, and extracorporeal membrane oxygenation. Level 3 care is often part of a perinatal center offering critical care and transport to the high-risk mother and fetus as well as the newborn infant...."
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