Topics Discussed: acute illness; hydrocarbon ingestion; hydrocarbons; organic solvent poisoning; toxic effect of hydrocarbons.
Sections: Hydrocarbons: Introduction, Classification and Properties, Pathophysiology, Clinical Presentation, Management, Disposition, References.
- Hydrocarbon-containing products are ubiquitous in daily life.
- Viscosity, surface tension, and volatility are three important properties to assess the toxicity of liquid hydrocarbons.
- The primary concern after hydrocarbon ingestion is pulmonary toxicity.
- Clinical manifestations of hydrocarbon ingestion depend on the amount and route of exposure.
- Coughing, gagging, chocking, and vomiting after hydrocarbon ingestion is presumptive of aspiration.
- The mainstay of treatment for hydrocarbon exposure is supportive care.
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